Student Sample Essay:
(new delhi, India)
Some of the methods used in advertising are unethical and unacceptable in today’s society.
To what extent do you agree with this view?
In today’s time we come across plethora of advertising via various mediums like Outdoor, Print, TV and Online. If done ethically, advertising is beneficial to advertisers as well as consumers. However there is a rising concern about some companies using unethical methods of advertising which is having a harmful effect on the society. In following paragraphs I will delve deeper on the issue.
In today’s time, TV viewers get to see lot of advertisements during breaks in between their favourite TV programs. This deviates their concentration thereby reducing entertainment value of the programs they are watching. Another drawback attributed to advertising is that kids and youngsters fall prey to appealing advertising of fast foods chains like Mac Donald’s, Kentucky Fried Chicken, Pizza Hut etc and they get attracted to unhealthy fast food resulting in various kinds of health problems like obesity, juvenile diabetes etc. Also, few people argue that some companies use obscene materials in their advertisements to attract views which pollutes viewers’ minds especially that of younger ones.
On the contrary, some people are of the opinion that advertising helps in increasing awareness about a company’s product or services. People get to know about company’s new offerings easily through advertising. Without advertising publicity of company’s product and services will not be possible. Thus advertising helps companies in increasing their sales and profits. According to some school of thoughts, advertising creates demand by educating its target customers about new ways of using an existing product or service.
To sum up the discussion, I would like to add that advertising is important for a company to sustain itself in the competitive market but companies should follow certain ethics and a code of conduct in order to eliminate harmful effects of advertising.
World Count: 290
IELTS buddy feedback
Grammar and Organization
Its generally a well-written and well organized essay, and you should get a good score for that.
The only slight issue I would have with the essay is the content in relation to answering the question.
Make sure your essay directly addresses the question - remember it is asking you about the METHODS.
Your essay reads a bit as if you are just discussing the advantage and disadvantages of advertising.
Unethical methods would be things like advertising cigarettes at sporting events, or subliminal advertising (such as in a film - when the person does not even know they are being influenced),
You do tackle this, but a few points aren't specific enough. For instance in the first paragraph you say that children are influenced by appealing advertisements - you should mention what methods are used to influence them.
So the key point to take away is - always read the question very carefully: underline key words.
If you address the question fully, though, I think you can get a good score.
Thesis Statement / Opinion
This thesis statement looks a bit odd:
"In following paragraphs I will delve deeper on the issue".
Also, you need to make your opinion clearer. The essay question asks if you agree or disagree but it is not clear what your opinion is.
For this essay, I would delete the last sentence of the introduction and then make your opinion on the issue clearer in the conclusion.
"On balance, although advertising is necessary, it is clear that in some cases the methods used are unethical and are not acceptable".
Advertising helps greatly in showing the consumers what they really want. In the process of advertising there are various techniques that are applied that may either bring about positive or negative effects to the products. This is usually brought about by the way various advertisers present their adverts to the consumers. According to most researches obtained from the general population about advertisement, the highest percentage of people take advertisement to be a good thing. This is because they believe it to be informative and essential.
Despite of this, in my own point of view advertisement has got a lot of negative influence to the consumers and the general society. Some of the aspects that make advertisement to be taken negatively by the consumers are; on the ethical aspect, advertisement has a completely demeaning consequence to the public; on the economic aspect, it is believed to be economically improvident; and on the social aspect, it provides little truth about a certain product. All these aspects are the few examples of the aspects of advertisement that render it to being negative to the society.
Advertisement is perceived by the various intellectuals as a thing that greatly corrupts our society thus criticizing the social orders of that make up the society. According to Christopher Mayhew, advertisement teaches other different things that do not match with what the society teaches us in the aim of upholding good societal teachings that are essential. Christopher and Tory argue that` Advertisement introduces people to the good things of life’. This means that these things are full of pleasures of the world. These pleasures are the things which we can only buy after they have been advertised but we cannot instill them in us so that they can be guiding us in our daily endeavors. The advertisements cannot inculcate in us good manners, honesty, kindness, friendship, sense of duty or the respect for the laws that govern us. These are the morals that enable people to coexist in a smooth and desirable environment. Instead the advertisements lay their basis on things like aperitifs, chocolates, aperients, deodorants, cars, and perfumes. These are only things which that can be bought in order to satisfy the human desires and they cannot help in crafting the society to the desired shape. According to me it is of great importance for the society to uphold the importance things that help in steering it ahead of all the activities that touch on its social well being.
On the ethical aspect, advertisements also play a big role in emphasizing emotional and the sexual desires. This defies what Williams believe in. He believes that` advertising keeps the industrial wheels turning’. This is true but there are other advertisements that do not uphold the ethical values of a given society. According to the society, things that are touching on sexual matters are perceived to be very crucial. Sexual matters should not be discussed openly without taking into consideration the various people that are involved. They are believed to be only for the people who have attained the age of discussing this. All the products related to sexual matters should only be exposed to the people who have attained the age bracket for this. In the contrary, it is so hard for the advertisers to only target the age that should be associated with sex matters. Due to this they make their advertisements open to the general public not excluding the young children. This leads to moral decay to the general society because the young ones are exposed to various issues which do not uphold the required morals of the society.
On the economical aspect, there have been a number of critics that take the issue on advertising as a phenomenon that focuses on individual sectors. Advertisements focus on certain products that do not make people more productive when they engage in them. In turn these people become less productive and of less important to the general society. The consumers of these products are reduced to people whom they were not in their earlier lives. They become less economically productive thus dragging the performance of the economy of the society. These products include alcohol and junk food. These two products have various consequences when they are taken. Junk food leads to obesity that makes people to have week bodies despite of them being fat. The alcohol makes people to become drunkards and may cause various diseases that might claim the lives of the consumers. Such kind of adverts on the products that cause negative effects to the people should be discouraged because they make our economy to grow in a slow pace when the consumers get affected by these products.
On the ethical aspect, Professor John Cohen criticizes advertisements by arguing that `advertisements only tell half the truth’. They are believed to only present a little truth about the products that are advertised. The advertisers lure their consumers through providing sugary information about the products which at times is not the truth. They only do this so that they can attract more of their producers. In doing this they are able to attract a lot of consumers who buy their products so that they can enjoy the good things that have been advertised in these various products. It is of great importance that the advertisers give adequate and more information about the products. This information should be factual and honest. Therefore, through the advertisers giving information which is not factual and honest about their products is an issue which does not support the good morals of any society. This is the major thing that contributes to advertisements to be perceived in a negative way by various consumers and the society as a whole. It is of great importance for the advertisements to be representing genuine information about the various products that the consumers might get interested in.
On the economic aspect, advertisements are supposed to represent the major issues in the society that aim at raising the economy. According to Christopher Mayhew, Williams and John Kenneth who is an economist believe that institutions such as schools and hospitals are the ones that are supposed to be captured greatly in the advertisements. In most of the advertisements various things are highlighted which do not focus on the crucial things that would help the general society. Things such as hospitals and schools are the ones that should be greatly focused on. They are the ones that are needed greatly by all the people in a given set up. Despite of doing this, the advertisers focus their attention on the industrial outputs and on the things that detract humankind from its nonindustrial aspirations. In order to steer any economy ahead the schools and the hospitals are the ones which should be given the number one priority. The schools provide education to the people who are given the mandatory to draw economic models that enable our economies to grow. On the other hand the hospitals provide good treatments to the health of the people who help in building thee society.
In order to understand that the most of the advertisements have negative contribution to the consumers and the society one is required to take an example that contains all the parts that are used in composing a good advert. For instance ‘sprite helps one to obey his or her thirst’. This advert is used worldwide to market this Coca-cola product by showing that people who take Sprite are the only ones who obey their thirst. In the real life one can obey his/her thirst through taking plain water which is believed to be affordable to everyone. This is one of the adverts that show how advertisers use sugary language so that they can convince their consumers.
According to the negative influences stated above, I believe that the advertisers should at least provide the factual information about the products they advertise. This will enable the consumers to purchase genuine goods that will provide them with the item they intend to get from these products. In turn this will help in building the trust between the producer and consumer.
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