Writing Tips For Essay In Ielts

  • analyse each task properly and spend some time making notes

  • highlight or underline key words in the tasks to make sure that you focus on what you have to do

  • plan your answers

  • use paragraphs clearly; put one idea in each paragraph

  • do not repeat ideas using different words

  • do not copy whole sentences from the question – you will receive no marks for this

  • keep to the topic; do not write about unrelated subjects

  • manage your time; remember, Task 2 is worth twice as much as Task 1

  • spend approximately 20 minutes on Task 1 and approximately 40 minutes on Task 2

  • pay attention to the number of words required for each task; you will lose marks if you do not write at least 150 words for Task 1 and at least 250 words for Task 2

  • learn to recognise how long 150 and 250 words look in your handwriting; you will not have time to count during the test

  • you must write your answers in full; answers written in note form or in bullet points will lose marks

  • pay attention to spelling, grammar and punctuation; you will lose marks for mistakes

  • avoid informal language

  • do not memorise model answers; examiners are trained to recognise them and your test will be invalid

  • spend several minutes re-reading and correcting your answers

  • The essay for Task 2 of the IELTS writing exam is something that a lot of students are afraid of.

    You must write about 250 words and this should be completed in approximately 40 minutes (because you also need to complete Writing Task 1 in the first 20 minutes of the 1 hour writing test).

    To write the perfect answer and get the highest IELTS band score possible, you need to write quickly but also keep calm and focussed on writing your answer.

    In all parts of the IELTS exam, you should try to show that you have a broad knowledge of English vocabulary, ensure that you write with correct spelling and avoid silly little grammar mistakes.

    IELTS WRITING TASK 2 Best answer

    The essay type questions for Task 2 are usually asking about some general thing in society. The topic could be education, health, age, gender roles, the youth, the environment... basically anything.

    Therefore, you cannot learn an amazing sentence that you can insert into an essay, as it is very unlikely that you will be able to use it in your specific question that you have on the day of your test.

    However, there is a system to use that gives you a great balanced structure which will help you get a good mark for answering the question... which is after all the whole point of this task - answer the question! Lots of IELTS candidates do not actually do this, as they are trying to impress the examiner with big posh words and forget to focus on actually giving a point of view and supporting that opinion with good examples and clear thought.

    Read and follow these steps to give your best answer (or watch the video below):


    Repeat the question in your own words

    In the essay introduction, you should start by repeating the question. This does NOT mean that you should COPY the question.

    You should say the question again, but using different words that mean the same thing (synonyms).

    For example, if your question was something like: Some people believe that capital punishment should never be used. Others believe that it could be used for the most serious crimes. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

    Then the opening sentence of your introduction should use synonyms to say the question again in your own words. for example: It is a commonly held belief that the death penalty is a Draconian penalty and not appropriate in modern society. However, there is also an argument that the most despicable crimes should have this most severe of punishments.

    Now, don't worry about the high level of the example sentences above. I am a native English speaker and I am an English teacher, so the sentences should be good, shouldn't they?

    But, from the example, you can see that it is possible to re-write the question using completely different vocabulary and still retain the original meaning and 'flavour' of the original question.

    Give your opinion

    As soon as you have restated the question, then give your opinion on the subject.

    This gives the examiner an overview of what is to come in your essay.

    It is important to note that it does not matter what your opinion is! There is no right or wrong answer to an IELTS essay question. You do NOT have to try and think "What will the examiner think is the right answer here". The examiner is only interested in the level of your English. So just give your first instinct opinion and don't try to out-think yourself.

    STEP 2: Support your opinion

    Now that you have given your opinion, you need to back it up.

    The best way to do this is to give examples.

    You can begin this paragraph with phrases like:

    • Personally, I believe that...
    • From my point of view...
    • I am convinced that...
    • In my opinion...
    • In my view...

    So, if your opinion was that you are against capital punishment, then as an example you could write about situations where people have been jailed for life for murder and then decades later they have been released as they were proven to be innocent. The relevant vocabulary here is "a miscarriage of justice".

    Your argument would be that when a miscarriage of justice occurs, the prisoner would most likely have faced the death penalty and would have been killed even though they were innocent.

    Another example could be that many murders are committed in 'hot blood' and often as an 'act of passion'.. This means that the murder was so angry about something that they were not thinking properly

    STEP 3: Give the other side of the argument

    In your next paragraph, you should look at the question from the opposite viewpoint to yours.

    This shows the examiner that you have balance in your writing and it is a sign of a good essay.

    You can start this paragraph with phrases such as:

    • It can also be argued that...
    • Someone who held the opposing view would say that...
    • However, there is also another side to this discussion.
    • In contrast, some people hold the view that...

    STEP 4: Conclusion - Summarise your opinion

    To finish off your IELTS task 2 essay, you need to summarise your whole argument as a conclusion.

    Essentially, this means that you give your opinion again that you stated in the introduction.

    To prove to the IELTS examiner that you have a good command of English vocabulary you should try again to use synonyms and not just copy your previous sentence. Now, you can add your expanded arguments (from step 2) into your opinion.

    A conclusion that weighs up the arguments already mentioned is a really good opportunity to use a conditional sentence.

    If capital punishment was reintroduced into society, I do not believe that it would act as a deterrent for heinous crimes. It is my strongly held belief that the death penalty would only result in future miscarriages of justice that serve no purpose in civilised society.


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